Measuring the health of Mt. Tam

Maintaining a healthy, vibrant and diverse Mt. Tam begins with understanding how key ecological resources are faring, and how we can better care for this iconic and beloved place.

One Tam partners and Bay Area scientists have come together to try to answer the question: How healthy are Mt. Tam's natural resources?

References by Topic

Click on one of the links below to jump to the references for a particular topic:

Wildlife

Birds

Riparian Birds

Shrubland Birds

Grassland Birds

Conifer Forest Birds

Oak Woodland Birds

Climate-vulnerable Birds

Northern Spotted Owl

Osprey

Mammals

Native Mammal Diversity

American Badger

North American River Otter

Fish

Coho Salmon and Steelhead Trout

Threespine Stickleback

Reptiles and Amphibians

California Red-legged Frog

Foothill Yellow-legged Frog

Western Pond Turtle

 

Plants

Plant Communities

Coast Redwood Forest

Grasslands

Open-canopy Oak Woodlands

Sargent Cypress

Shrublands

Rare Plant Species

Maritime Chaparral

Serpentine Barren Community Endemics

 

Landscapes

Climate Vulnerability

Ecological Processes and Stressors

Fire

Plant Disease

Climate Change

Ecological Communities

Shrubland Communities

Grassland Communities

Wildlife

Birds

Carignan, V., & Villard, M.A. (2002). Selecting indicator species to monitor ecological integrity: a review. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment 78, 45-61. Available from: http://link.springer.com/article/10.1023/A:1016136723584.

Cormier, R. L. (2015). Northern Spotted Owl monitoring on Marin County Open Space District and Marin Municipal Water District Lands, 2015 Report. Petaluma, CA: Point Blue. Available here.

Gardali, T., & Geupel. G.R. (1997). Songbird inventory and monitoring at the Golden Gate National Recreation Area: Results from the 1997 field season. Petaluma, CA: Point Reyes Bird Observatory (PRBO)

Gardali, T., Jongsomjit, D., & Stralberg. D. (2010). Developing habitat-based landbird models as planning tools for the Marin County Open Space District and the Marin Municipal Water District. Petaluma, CA: Point Reyes Bird Observatory (PRBO). Report to the Marin County Open Space District and the Marin Municipal Water District. PRBO Contribution #1736.

Humple, D.L., & Gardali, T. (2006). Landbird monitoring in the National Park Service’s San Francisco Bay Area Network. A summary report of the 2005 field activities for: Golden Gate National Recreation Area, John Muir National Historic Site, Pinnacles National Monument, and Point Reyes National Seashore. Petaluma, CA: Point Reyes Bird Observatory (PRBO). Available from: http://www.sfnps.org/download_product/1220/0.

Whelan, C.J., Sekercioglu, C.H., & Wenny, D.G. (2015). Why birds matter: from economic ornithology to ecosystem services. J Ornithol doi:10.1007/s10336-015-1229-y. Available from: http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10336-015-1229-y.

Williams, S.E., Shoo, L.P., Isaac, J.L., Hoffman, A.A., Langham, G. (2008). Towards an integrated framework for assessing the vulnerability of species to climate change. PLoS Biol 6(12), e325. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060325. Available from: http://journals.plos.org/plosbiology/article?id=10.1371%2Fjournal.pbio.0060325.

Climate-vulnerable Birds

Gardali, T., Seavy, N. E., DiGaudio, R.T., & Comrack, L. A. (2012). A climate change vulnerability assessment of California’s at-risk birds. PLoS ONE, 7(3), e29507. Available from: http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0029507.

Conifer Forest Birds

Cormier, R. L. (2015). Northern Spotted Owl monitoring on Marin County Open Space District and Marin Municipal Water District Lands, 2015 Report. Petaluma, CA: Point Blue. Available here.

Cormier, R.L., Seavy, N.E. & Humple. D.L. (2014). Abundance patterns of landbirds in the Marin Municipal Water District: 1996 to 2013. Point Blue Report. Available here.

Ellis T. & Harrigan K. (2016). Monitoring Northern Spotted Owls on Federal Lands in Marin County, California: 2013 Report. Natural Resource Report. NPS/SFAN/NRR—2016/1180. National Park Service. Fort Collins, Colorado. Available from: https://irma.nps.gov/DataStore/DownloadFile/548251.

Shuford, W. D., & Gardali, T. (eds.). (2008). California Bird Species of Special Concern: A ranked assessment of species, subspecies, and distinct populations of birds of immediate conservation concern in California. Studies of Western Birds 1. Camarillo, CA: Western Field Ornithologists, and, Sacramento: California Department of Fish and Game. Available from https://nrm.dfg.ca.gov/FileHandler.ashx?DocumentID=10513

Grassland Birds

Cormier, R.L., Seavy, N.E. & Humple. D.L. (2014). Abundance patterns of landbirds in the Marin Municipal Water District: 1996 to 2013. Point Blue Report. Available here.

Pitkin, M. & Wood, J. (Eds). (2011). The State of the Birds, San Francisco Bay. PRBO Conservation Science and the San Francisco Bay Joint Venture. Available from: http://data.prbo.org/sfstateofthebirds/uploads/State-of-the-Birds-San-Francisco-Bay-2011.pdf.

Shuford, W. D., & Gardali, T. (eds.). (2008). California Bird Species of Special Concern: A ranked assessment of species, subspecies, and distinct populations of birds of immediate conservation concern in California. Studies of Western Birds 1. Camarillo, CA: Western Field Ornithologists, and, Sacramento: California Department of Fish and Game. Available from https://nrm.dfg.ca.gov/FileHandler.ashx?DocumentID=10513

Oak Woodland Birds

Cormier, R.L., Seavy, N.E. & Humple. D.L. (2014). Abundance patterns of landbirds in the Marin Municipal Water District: 1996 to 2013. Point Blue Report. Available here.

Riparian Birds

Cormier, R.L., Seavy, N.E. & Humple. D.L. (2014). Abundance patterns of landbirds in the Marin Municipal Water District: 1996 to 2013. Point Blue Report. Available here.

Gardali, T., Ballard, G., Nur, N., & Geupel, G. R.. (2000). Demography of a declining population of Warbling Vireos in coastal California. The Condor, 102(3), 601-609. Available from: http://www.jstor.org/stable/1369791.

Gardali, T. G., & Jaramillo, A. (2001). Further evidence for a population decline in the western Warbling Vireo. Western Birds, 32:173-176. Available from: https://www.westernfieldornithologists.org/archive/V32/32(3)%20p0173-p0176.pdf

Humple, D. L., & Porzig, E. L. (2012). Riparian landbird monitoring in Golden Gate National Recreation Area and Point Reyes National Seashore: analysis report through winter 2011-12. Petaluma, CA: Point Reyes Bird Observatory (PRBO). Available here.

Shrubland Birds

Cormier, R.L., Seavy, N.E., &  Humple. D.L.. (2014). Abundance patterns of landbirds in the Marin Municipal Water District: 1996 to 2013. Point Blue Report. Available here.

Pitkin, M. & Wood, J. (Eds). (2011). The State of the Birds, San Francisco Bay. PRBO Conservation Science and the San Francisco Bay Joint Venture. Available from: http://data.prbo.org/sfstateofthebirds/uploads/State-of-the-Birds-San-Francisco-Bay-2011.pdf.

Northern Spotted Owl

Cormier, R. L. (2015). Northern spotted owl monitoring on Marin County Open Space District and Marin Municipal Water District Lands (Unpublished report). Petaluma, CA: Point Blue Conservation Science.

Dugger, K., Forsman, E., Franklin, A., Davis, R., White, G., Schwarz, C., … Sovern, S. (2016). The effects of habitat, climate, and barred owls on long-term demography of northern spotted owls. The Condor, 118 (1), 57-116. Available from: http://www.bioone.org/doi/10.1650/CONDOR-15-24.1.

Ellis, T. (2016). Monitoring northern spotted owls on federal lands in Marin County, California (2014-2015 report currently in preparation). Natural Resources Technical Report NPS/SFAN/NRTR—2015/XXX. Fort Collins, CO: National Park Service.

Hatch, D., Allen, S., Geupel G., & Semenoff-Irving, M. (1999). Northern spotted owl demographic study Marin County, California (Unpublished annual report). San Francisco, CA: National Park Service.

Jensen, H. J., Adams, D. B., & Merkle, W. W. (2007). Northern spotted owl inventory on federal lands in Marin County (2006 annual report). Natural Resources Technical Report NPS/PWR/SFAN/NRR—2007/004. Sausalito, CA: San Francisco Bay Area Network, Golden Gate National Recreation Area, Fort Cronkhite. Available from: http://www.sfnps.org/download_product/1216/0.

U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. (2011). Revised recovery plan for the northern spotted owl (Strix occidentalis caurina). Portland, OR: U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. Available from: https://www.fws.gov/ecos/ajax/docs/recovery_plan/NSO%20Final%20Rec%20Plan%20051408.pdf.

Wiens, J.D., Anthony, R. G., & Forsman, E. D. (2014). Competitive interactions and resource partitioning between northern spotted owls and barred owls in western Oregon. Wildlife Monographs, 185(1), 1-50. Available from: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/wmon.1009/abstract.

Osprey

Evens, J.G. (2015). Osprey (Pandion haliaetus): The 2015 Nesting Season at Kent Lake, Marin County, California (Annual report). Corte Madera, CA: Marin Municipal Water District.

Fish

Coho Salmon and Steelhead Trout

Carlisle, S., Reichmuth, M., & McNeill. B. (2016). Long-term monitoring of coho salmon and steelhead trout during freshwater life stages in coastal Marin County: 2014 annual report. Natural Resource Report. NPS/SFAN/NRR—2016/1142. Fort Collins, Colorado: National Park Service. Available from https://irma.nps.gov/DataStore/DownloadFile/546839.

Carlisle, S., & Reichmuth. M. (2015). Long-term monitoring of coho salmon and steelhead trout during freshwater life stages in coastal Marin County: 2013 annual report. Natural Resource Report. NPS/SFAN/NRR—2015/956. Fort Collins, Colorado: National Park Service. Available from: https://irma.nps.gov/DataStore/DownloadFile/522417.

National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS). (2012). Final CCC Coho Salmon ESU Recovery Plan. National Marine Fisheries Service, West Coast Region, Santa Rosa, California. Available from: http://www.westcoast.fisheries.noaa.gov/publications/recovery_planning/salmon_steelhead/domains/north_central_california_coast/central_california_coast_coho/ccc_coho_salmon_esu_recovery_plan_vol_i_sept_2012.pdf.

National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS). (2015). Recovery Plan for North Central California Coast Recovery Domain – California Coastal Chinook Salmon, Northern California Steelhead, Central California Coast Steelhead – DRAFT. Available from http://www.nmfs.noaa.gov/pr/recovery/plans.htm.

Stillwater Sciences. (2011). Redwood Creek Watershed Assessment. Berkeley, California: Stillwater Sciences. Prepared the Golden Gate National Recreation Area. https://www.nps.gov/goga/learn/management/redwood-creek-watershed-assessment.htm.

Ettlinger, E., Zeug, S., Doughty, P., Rogers, V., & Andrew. G. (2015a). Juvenile Salmonid Monitoring in the Lagunitas Creek Watershed – 2014. Corte Madera, CA: Marin Municipal Water District. http://www.marinwater.org/177/Lagunitas-Creek-Watershed.

Ettlinger, E., Doughty, P., Rogers, V., & Andrew. G. (2015b). Smolt Monitoring in the Lagunitas Creek Watershed – 2015. Corte Madera, CA: Marin Municipal Water District. http://www.marinwater.org/177/Lagunitas-Creek-Watershed.

MMWD- Lagunitas creek management plan, and fisheries reports from 2010-2015. Available from https://www.marinwater.org/177/Lagunitas-Creek-Watershed.

Stillwater Sciences. (2011). Redwood Creek Watershed Assessment. Berkeley, California: Stillwater Sciences. Prepared the Golden Gate National Recreation Area. https://www.nps.gov/goga/learn/management/redwood-creek-watershed-assessment.htm.

Threespine Stickleback

Ostlund-Nilsson, S., Mayer, I., & Huntingford, F.A. (eds.). (2007). Biology of the Threespine Stickleback. Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press. 408pp.

Birds

Native Mammal Diversity

George S. L., & Crooks K. R. (2006). Recreation and large mammal activity in an urban nature reserve. Biological Conservation, 133(1), 107–117. Available from: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S000632070600231X.

Lenth, B.E., Knight, R.L., & Brennan, M.E. (2008). The Effects of Dogs on Wildlife Communities. Natural Areas Journal, 28 (3), 218-227. Available from: http://www.bioone.org/doi/abs/10.3375/0885-8608(2008)28%5B218%3ATEODOW%5D2.0.CO%3B2.

Reed, S.E. & Merenlander, A.M. (2011). Effects of management of domestic dogs and recreation on carnivores in protected areas in northern California. Conservation Biology, 25(3), 504–513. Available from: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1523-1739.2010.01641.x/abstract.

Townsend, S.E. (2015). The Marin wildlife picture index project, pilot for monitoring wildlife in Marin County: Interim analysis (Final administrative draft). Marin County Parks, Marin Municipal Water District, State Parks Samuel P. Taylor, Golden Gate National Recreation Area. Oakland, California.

American Badger

California Department of Fish and Wildlife. (2016). California Natural Diversity Database: Special animals list (Periodic publication). Available from: https://nrm.dfg.ca.gov/FileHandler.ashx?DocumentID=109406&inline.

Lay, C. (2008). The status of the American badger in the San Francisco Bay Area (Master’s Thesis). Available from San Jose State University Scholar Works, Paper 3623: http://scholarworks.sjsu.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=4619&context=etd_theses.

North American River Otter

Bouley, P., Isadore, M., & Carroll, T. (2015). Return of North American river otters, Lontra canadensis, to coastal habitats of the San Francisco Bay Area. California Northwestern Naturalist, 96(1), 1-12. Available from: http://www.riverotterecology.org/uploads/3/0/9/0/30906713/roep_nwn_2015.pdf.

Reptiles and Amphibians

California Red-legged Frog

Fong, D., Bianco, R.L., Campo, J., & Reichmuth. M. (2010). Calendar Year 2006-2009 California Red-legged Frog (Rana draytonii) Surveys, Golden Gate National Recreation Area. Report prepared for the Golden Gate National Recreation Area. 49 pp. (Unpublished)

U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service [USFWS]. (2002). Recovery plan for the California red-legged frog (Rana aurora draytonii). U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Portland, Oregon. viii+173 pp. Available from: https://www.fws.gov/carlsbad/SpeciesStatusList/RP/20020528_RP_CRLF.pdf.

Foothill Yellow-legged Frog

Garcia and Associates [GANDA]. (2003). Foothill Yellow-legged Frog Surveys and California Red-legged Frog Protocol Surveys. San Francisco, CA: Prepared for Marin Municipal Water District. Available from: https://www.marinwater.org/DocumentCenter/View/1441.

Garcia and Associates [GANDA]. (2013). Foothill Yellow-Legged Frog Monitoring at Little Carson Creek and Big Carson Creek, Mt. Tamalpais Watershed 2012-2013. San Francisco, CA: Prepared for Marin Municipal Water District

Garcia and Associates [GANDA]. (2016). Foothill Yellow-Legged Frog Monitoring at Little Carson Creek and Big Carson Creek, Mt. Tamalpais Watershed 2014-2015. San Francisco, CA: Prepared for Marin Municipal Water District

Marlow, K., Wiseman, K.D., Wheeler, C.A., Drennan, J.E., & Jackman, R.E. (2016). Identification of Individual Foothill Yellow-Legged Frogs (Rana boylii) using Chin Pattern Photographs: A Non-Invasive and Effective Method for Small Population Studies. Herpetological Review, 2016, 47(2), 193–198.

Western Pond Turtle

Ely, E. (1993). Sensitive species herpetological survey - Golden Gate National Recreation Area 1993. Prepared for the Golden Gate National Park Association. np.

Fong, D. (2002). Western pond turtle inventory, Golden Gate National Recreation Area. Report for the Golden Gate National Recreation Area, 29 pp. (Unpublished)

Hossfeld, D., & Ettlinger. E.  (2016). Turtle Observer Program Report 2016. Corte Madera CA: Marin Municipal Water District. Available from: https://www.marinwater.org/DocumentCenter/View/3406.

Philip Williams and Associates (PWA), Moss Landing Marine Laboratory, Smith, J., Northmore, J., Roberts and Associates,& Hornor, N. (1994). Preliminary Environmental Assessment of Wetland Restoration Alternatives for Big Lagoon at Muir Beach, Marin County. Prepared for California Department of Transportation, District IV.

Plants

Plant Communities

Coast Redwood Forest

Aerial Information Systems, Inc. (2008). Marin County Open Space District Vegetation Photo Interpretation and Mapping Classification Report, prepared by Aerial Information Systems, Inc. for Marin County Parks.

Aerial Information Systems, Inc. (2015). Summary Report for the 2014 Photo Interpretation and Floristic Reclassification of Mt. Tamalpais Watershed Forest and Woodlands Project, prepared by Aerial Information Systems, Inc. for the Marin Municipal Water District.

Lorimer, C. G., Porter, D. J., Madej, M. A., Stuart, J. D., Veirs, S D., Norman, S. P., O’Hara, K. L., Libby, W. J. (2009). Presettlement and modern disturbance regimes in coast redwood forests: Implications for the conservation of old-growth stands. Forest Ecology & Management, 258, 1038–1054. Available from: http://www.srs.fs.usda.gov/pubs/ja/ja_lorimer001.pdf?.

Micheli, E., Flint, L., Veloz, S., Johnson (Higgason), K., & Heller, N. (2016). Climate Ready North Bay Vulnerability Assessment Data Products: 1. North Bay Region Summary. A technical memorandum prepared by the Dwight Center for Conservation Science at Pepperwood, Santa Rosa, CA, for the California Coastal Conservancy and Regional Climate Protection Authority. Available from: http://climate.calcommons.org/sites/default/files/basic/CRNB%20North%20Bay%20Region%20technical%20memo.pdf.

Noss, R.F. (Editor). (2000). The Redwood Forest: History, Ecology and Conservation of the Coast Redwood. Washington, DC: Island Press.

Schirokauer, D., Keeler-Wolf, T., Meinke, J., & van der Leeden, P. (2003). Plant Community Classification and Mapping Project Final Report - December 2003 Point Reyes National Seashore, Golden Gate National Recreation Area, San Francisco Water Department Watershed Lands, Mount Tamalpais, Tomales Bay, and Samuel P. Taylor State Parks. Available from: http://www1.usgs.gov/vip/pore_goga/pore_gogarpt.pdf

Grasslands

Aerial Information Systems, Inc. (2008). Marin County Open Space District Vegetation Photo Interpretation and Mapping Classification Report, prepared by Aerial Information Systems, Inc. for Marin County Parks.

Aerial Information Systems, Inc. (2015). Summary Report for the 2014 Photo Interpretation and Floristic Reclassification of Mt. Tamalpais Watershed Forest and Woodlands Project, prepared by Aerial Information Systems, Inc. for the Marin Municipal Water District.

California Department of Fish and Wildlife. (2016). State & Federally Listed Endangered & Threatened Animals of California. Available from: https://nrm.dfg.ca.gov/FileHandler.ashx?DocumentID=109405&inline.

California Native Plant Society (2016). A Manual of California Vegetation Online. Retrieved from http://vegetation.cnps.org/keys/herbs.

Ford, L. D., & Hayes, G. F. (2007). Northern coastal scrub and coastal prairie. In M. Barbour, T. Keeler-Wolf, & A. A. Schoenherr (Eds.), Terrestrial Vegetation of California (3rd ed.) (pp.180-207). Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.

Lay, C. (2008). The status of the American Badger in the San Francisco Bay Area. (Master’s thesis). Paper 3623. Available from: http://scholarworks.sjsu.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=4619&context=etd_theses.

Marty, J. T., Collinge, S. K., & Rice, K. J. (2005). Responses of a remnant California native bunchgrass population to grazing, burning and climatic variation. Plant Ecology, 181, 101-112. Available from: http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s11258-005-3797-z.

Molinari, N. A. & D'Antonio, C. M. (2014). Structural, compositional and trait differences between native- and non-native-dominated grassland patches. Functional Ecology, 28, 745-754.Available from: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/1365-2435.12206/abstract

Noss, R.F., Peters, R. L. (1995). Endangered ecosystems: a status report on America's vanishing habitat and wildlife. Retrieved from http://sciences.ucf.edu/biology/king/wp-content/uploads/sites/106/2012/08/endangeredeco.pdf.

Potthoff, M., Jackson, L. E., Steenwerth, K. L., Ramirez, I., Stromberg, M. R., & Rolston, D. E. (2005). Soil biological and chemical properties in restored perennial grassland in California. Restoration Ecology 13, 61-67. Available from: https://ucanr.edu/repositoryfiles/Restoration%20Ecology-93588.pdf

Rao, D., Gennet, S., Hammond, M., Hopkinson, P., & Bartolome, J. (2008). A Landscape Analysis of Grassland Birds in a Valley Grassland-Oak Woodland Mosaic. (United States Department of Agriculture General Technical Report PSW-GTR-217). Pacific Southwest Research Station: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service. Retrieved from Forest Service website: http://www.fs.fed.us/psw/publications/documents/psw_gtr217/psw_gtr217_385.pdf.

Schoenherr, A. A. (1992). A Natural History of California. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.

Skinner, M.W. & Pavlik. B.M. (1994). Inventory of Rare and Endangered Vascular plants of California (5th ed.). Sacramento, California: California Native Plant Society. Available from: http://www.rareplants.cnps.org/

Steers, R. J., & Spalding, H. L. (2013). Native component grasslands of the Marin Headlands. Natural Resource Technical Report NPS/SFAN/NRTR—2013/832. National Park Service, Fort Collins, Colorado.

Open-canopy Oak Woodlands

Aerial Information Systems, Inc. (2008). Marin County Open Space District Vegetation Photo Interpretation and Mapping Classification Report, prepared by Aerial Information Systems, Inc. for Marin County Parks.

Aerial Information Systems, Inc. (2015). Summary Report for the 2014 Photo Interpretation and Floristic Reclassification of Mt. Tamalpais Watershed Forest and Woodlands Project, prepared by Aerial Information Systems, Inc. for the Marin Municipal Water District.

Beschta, R. L. (2005). Reduced Cottonwood Recruitment Following Extirpation of Wolves in Yellowstone's Northern Range. Ecology, 86(2), 391-403. Available from: http://www.cof.orst.edu/leopold/papers/Beschtacottonwoods2005.pdf.

Calflora (2016). Information on California plants for education, research and conservation. [Data file]. Available from: http://www.calflora.org/.

Cocking, M. I., Varner, J. V., & Engber, E. A. (2014). Conifer Encroachment in California Oak Woodlands. Proceedings of the 7th California Oak Symposium: Managing Open-canopy oak woodlands in a Dynamic World. GENERAL TECHNICAL REPORT PSW-GTR-251. Retrieved from http://www.fs.fed.us/psw/publications/documents/psw_gtr251/psw_gtr251_505.pdf

Evens, J., & Kentner, E. (2006). Classification of Vegetation Associations from the Mount Tamalpais Watershed, Nicasio Reservoir, and Soulajule Reservoir in Marin County, California. Available from: http://www.cnps.org/cnps/vegetation/pdf/mmwd_vegetation_report_2006_06.pdf.

Holmes, K. A., Veblen, K. E., Young, T. P., & Berry, A. M. (2008). California oaks and fire: a review and case study. Proceedings of the sixth California oak symposium. Retrieved from http://www.fs.fed.us/psw/publications/documents/psw_gtr217/psw_gtr217_551.pdf

Mayer, K. E., Passof, P. C., Bolsinger, C., & Garton, E. O. (1986). Status of the hardwood resource of California: a report to the Board of Forestry. Sacramento: California Department of Forestry and Fire Protection.

Ripple, W. J. & Beschta, R.L. (2007). Hardwood tree decline following large carnivore loss on the Great Plains, USA. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment, 5, 241-246. Available from: http://www.cof.orst.edu/leopold/papers/RippleBeschtaPlainsCascades.pdf.

Rizzo, D. M., & Garbelotto, M. (2003). Sudden Oak Death: endangering California and Oregon forest ecosystems. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment, 1(5), 197-204. Available from: https://www.jstor.org/stable/3868064?seq=1#page_scan_tab_contents

Sharnoff, S. (2014). A Field Guide to California Lichens. New Haven: Yale University Press.

Sargent Cypress

Aerial Information Systems, Inc. (2008). Marin County Open Space District Vegetation Photo Interpretation and Mapping Classification Report, prepared by Aerial Information Systems, Inc. for Marin County Parks.

Aerial Information Systems, Inc. (2015). Summary Report for the 2014 Photo Interpretation and Floristic Reclassification of Mt. Tamalpais Watershed Forest and Woodlands Project, prepared by Aerial Information Systems, Inc. for the Marin Municipal Water District.

Evens, J., & Kentner, E. (2006). Classification of Vegetation Associations from the Mount Tamalpais Watershed, Nicasio Reservoir, and Soulajule Reservoir in Marin County, California. Available from: http://www.cnps.org/cnps/vegetation/pdf/mmwd_vegetation_report_2006_06.pdf

Leonard Charles Associates. (1995). Mt. Tamalpais Area Vegetation Management Plan. Retrieved from https://www.marinwater.org/DocumentCenter/View/212.

Leonard Charles Associates. (2009). Biodiversity Management plan for Marin Municipal Water District Lands. Retrieved from https://www.marinwater.org/DocumentCenter/View/233.

Shrublands

Aerial Information Systems, Inc. (2008). Marin County Open Space District Vegetation Photo Interpretation and Mapping Classification Report, prepared by Aerial Information Systems, Inc. for Marin County Parks.

Aerial Information Systems, Inc. (2015). Summary Report for the 2014 Photo Interpretation and Floristic Reclassification of Mt. Tamalpais Watershed Forest and Woodlands Project, prepared by Aerial Information Systems, Inc. for the Marin Municipal Water District.

Callaway, R. M., & Davis, F. W. (1993). Vegetation dynamics, fire, and the physical environment in coastal central California. Ecology, 74, 1567-1578. Available from: http://www2.bren.ucsb.edu/~fd/Pubs/callaway_davis_93.pdf.

California Partners in Flight. (2004). The Coastal Scrub and Chaparral Bird Conservation Plan: A Strategy for Protecting and Managing Coastal Scrub and Chaparral Habitats and Associated Birds in California (2nd ed.). Stinson Beach, CA: PRBO Conservation Science. Available from: https://www.prbo.org/calpif/pdfs/scrub.v-2.pdf.

Cornwell, W. K., Stuart, S., Ramirez, A., Dolanc, C. R., Thorne, J. H., & Ackerly, D. D. (2012). Climate Change Impacts on California Vegetation: Physiology, Life History, and Ecosystem Change (California Energy Commission Publication No. CEC-500-2012-023). Retrieved from California Energy Commission website: http://www.energy.ca.gov/2012publications/CEC-500-2012-023/CEC-500-2012-023.pdf.

Ford, L. D., & Hayes, G. F. (2007). Northern coastal scrub and coastal prairie. In M. Barbour, T. Keeler-Wolf, & A. A. Schoenherr (Eds.), Terrestrial Vegetation of California (3rd ed.). (pp. 180-207). Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.

Kemper, J., Cowling, R. M., & Richardson, D. M. (1999). Fragmentation of South African renosterveld shrublands: effects on plant community structure and conservation implications. Biological Conservation, 90(2), 103-111. Available from: http://www.overbergrenosterveld.org.za/kemper1.pdf.

Keeley J. E. (2005). Fire history of the San Francisco East Bay region and implications for landscape patterns. International Journal of Wildland Fire, 14, 285-296. Available from: http://www.werc.usgs.gov/OLDsitedata/seki/pdfs/k2005_east%20bay%20fire%20history_ijwf.pdf.

Keeley, J. E. & Brennan, T. J. (2012). Fire-driven alien invasion in a fire-adapted ecosystem. Oecologia, 169, 1043-1052. Available from: http://www.californiachaparral.com/images/Fire_driven_alien_plant_Keeley_and_Brennan.pdf.

Lambrinos, J. G. (2002). The variable invasive success of cortaderia species in a complex landscape. Ecology, 83(2), 518-529. Available from: https://www.jstor.org/stable/2680032?seq=1#page_scan_tab_contents

Schirokauer, D., Keeler-Wolf, T., Meinke, J., & van der Leeden, P. (2003). Plant Community Classification and Mapping Project Final Report. Retrieved from United States Geological Survey website: http://www1.usgs.gov/vip/pore_goga/pore_gogarpt.pdf.

Rare Plant Species

Maritime Chaparral

California Department of Fish and Wildlife. (2009). California Natural Diversity Database. Available from California Department of Fish and Wildlife website: https://www.wildlife.ca.gov/Data/CNDDB

Sawyer, J.O., Keeler-Wolf, T. & Evens, J. (2009). Manual of California vegetation. Sacramento, CA: California Native Plant Society Press. Available from: http://www.cnps.org/cnps/vegetation/manual.php.

Vasey, M. C. & Parker, V. T. (2014). Drivers of diversity in woody plant lineages experiencing canopy fire regimes in Mediterranean type climates, pp. 179-200. In: N. Rajakaruna, R. S. Boyd, and T. B. Harris (Eds.), Plant ecology and evolution in harsh environments. Hauppauge, NY: Nova Publishers.

Serpentine Barren Community Endemics

United States Department of Agriculture Forest Service. (2016). Serpentine Soils and Plant Adaptations. Available from: http://www.fs.fed.us/wildflowers/beauty/serpentines/adaptations.shtml.

Landscapes

Climate Vulnerability

Ackerly, D. D., Cornwell, W. K, Weiss, S. B., Flint, L. E., &. Flint, A. L. (2015). A geographic mosaic of climate change impacts on terrestrial vegetation: Which areas are most at risk? PLoS ONE, 10(6), e0130629. http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0130629

Thorne, J.H., Boynton, R.M., Holguin, A.J., Stewart, J.A.E., & Bjorkman, J. (2016). A climate change vulnerability assessment of California’s terrestrial vegetation. (Report prepared for the California Department of Fish and Wildlife). Sacramento, CA: University of California, Davis.

Ecological Processes and Stressors

Fire

Leonard Charles Associates. (2009). Biodiversity Management plan for Marin Municipal Water District Lands. Retrieved from: http://www.marinwater.org/documentcenter/view/233.

Micheli, E., Flint, L., Veloz, S., Johnson (Higgason), K., & Heller, N. (2016). Climate Ready North Bay Vulnerability Assessment Data Products: 2. Marin Municipal Water District User Group. A technical memorandum prepared by the Dwight Center for Conservation Science at Pepperwood, Santa Rosa, CA, for the California Coastal Conservancy and Regional Climate Protection Authority. Available from http://climate.calcommons.org/crnb/mmwd.

Plant Disease

Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service. (2013). APHIS List of Regulated Hosts and Plants Proven or Associated with Phytophthora ramorum. Available from: https://www.aphis.usda.gov/plant_health/plant_pest_info/pram/downloads/pdf_files/usdaprlist.pdf.

Aerial Information Systems, Inc. (2015). Summary Report for the 2014 Photo Interpretation and Floristic Reclassification of Mt. Tamalpais Watershed Forest and Woodlands Project, prepared by Aerial Information Systems, Inc. for the Marin Municipal Water District.

Garbelotto, M. & Rizzo, D. (2005). A California-based chronological review (1995 -2004) of research on Phytophthora ramorum, the causal agent of sudden oak death. Phytopathologia Mediterranea, 44 (2), 1-17.

Sims, L., Conforti, C., Gordon, T., Larssen, N., & Steinharter, M. (2016). Presidio Phytophthora Management Recommendations. Unpublished report.

Climate Change

Ackerly, D. D., Ryals, R. A., Cornwell, W. K., Loarie, S. R., Veloz, S., Higgason, K. D., Silver, W. L., & Dawson, T. E. (2012). Potential Impacts of Climate Change on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services in the San Francisco Bay Area. California Energy Commission. Publication number: CEC-500-2012-037.

Johnstone, J. A. & Dawson, T. E. (2010). Climatic context and ecological implications of summer fog decline in the coast redwood region. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA, 107 (10), 4533-4538. Available at: http://www.pnas.org/content/107/10/4533.short.

Micheli, E., Flint, L., Veloz, S., Johnson (Higgason), K., & Heller, N. (2016). Climate Ready North Bay Vulnerability Assessment Data Products: 2. Marin Municipal Water District User Group. A technical memorandum prepared by the Dwight Center for Conservation Science at Pepperwood, Santa Rosa, CA, for the California Coastal Conservancy and Regional Climate Protection Authority. Available from http://climate.calcommons.org/crnb/mmwd.

Ecological Communities

Shrubland Communities

Cornwell, W. K., Stuart, S., Ramirez, A., Dolanc, C. R., Thorne, J. H., & Ackerly, D. D. (2012). Climate change impacts on California vegetation: Physiology, life history, and ecosystem change (White Paper from California Energy Commission’s California Climate Change Center). Publication number: CEC-500-2012-023. Berkeley, CA: University of California, Berkeley. Available from: http://www.energy.ca.gov/2012publications/CEC-500-2012-023/CEC-500-2012-023.pdf.

Jacobsen, A. L., Pratt, R. B., Ewers, F. W., & Davis, S. D. (2007). Cavitation resistance among 26 chaparral species of southern California. Ecological Monographs, 77(1), 99-115. Available from: https://www.jstor.org/stable/27646074

Paddock, W. A. S. III, Davis, S. D., Pratt, R. B., Jacobsen, A. L., Tobin, M. F., López-Portillo, J., & Ewers, F. W. (2013). Factors determining mortality of adult chaparral shrubs in an extreme drought year in California. Aliso: A Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Botany, 31(1), 49-57. Available from: https://www.csub.edu/~rpratt/Publications/Paddock%20et%20al.Aliso%202013.pdf.

Grassland Communities

Thorne, J.H., Boynton, R.M., Holguin, A.J., Stewart, J.A.E., & Bjorkman, J. (2016). A climate change vulnerability assessment of California’s terrestrial vegetation. (Report prepared for the California Department of Fish and Wildlife). Sacramento, CA: University of California, Davis. Available from: https://lccnetwork.org/resource/climate-change-vulnerability-assessment-californias-terrestrial-vegetation.

Open-canopy Oak Woodland Communities

California Partners in Flight. (2002). The oak woodland bird conservation plan: A strategy for protecting and managing oak woodland habitats and associated birds in California, Version 2.0. Stinson Beach, CA: Point Reyes Bird Observatory (now Point Blue). Available at: http://www.fs.fed.us/psw/publications/documents/psw_gtr191/psw_gtr191_0174-0178_zack.pdf.

McPherson, B. A., Mori, S. R., Wood, D. L., Kelly, M., Storer, A. J., Svihra, P., & Standiford, R. B. (2010). Responses of oaks and tanoaks to the sudden oak death pathogen after 8 years of monitoring in two coastal California forests. Forest Ecology and Management, 259 (12), 2248-2255. Available at: http://www.fs.fed.us/psw/publications/sod/mcpherson.2010.responsesofoaksandtanoaks.pdf.

Swiecki, T. J. & Bernhardt, E. A. (2013). Long-term trends in coast live oak and tanoak stands affected by Phytophthora ramorum canker (sudden oak death): 2000-2010 disease progress update. Retrieved from http://www.phytosphere.com/publications/Phytophthora_case-control2000-2010.htm.

Resources

Links
Measuring the Health of a Mountain: A Report on Mount Tamalpais' Natural Resources (2016) (Full Report pdf)At a Glance Summary of Health Indicators (pdf)
Downloads
Is Mt. Tam at Peak Health? (Brochure)